Research and Publications
Edwards, C., Edwards, A., Spence, P.R., Shelton, A.K. (In Press). Is That a Bot Running the Social Media Feed? Testing the Differences in Perceptions of Communication Quality for a Human Agent and a Bot Agent on Twitter. Computers in Human Behavior.
Lachlan, K.A., Spence, P.R., & Lin, X. (2013). Self-efficacy and learning processes associated with the elderly during disasters and crises. In B. Raskovich & S. Mrdja (Eds. ), Natural disasters: Prevention, risk factors, and management. New York: Nova Science (pp. 327-338).
Lachlan, K.A. (2013). Rethinking violent video game content: Conceptual advances and directions for future research. In S. Mazzarella (Ed.), International companions to media studies: Content and representation. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. (pp. 426-443)
Spence, P.R., Lachlan, K.A., Westerman, D.K., & Spates (2013). Where the gates matter less: Ethnicity and perceived source credibility in social media health messages. Howard Journal of Communication, 24 (1), 1-16.
Shelton, A.K. (2013). Introduction to the special issue. Computers in Human Behavior. 29(5), A1-A2.
Shelton, A.K., & Najarian, K.M. (In Press). Introduction to #SocialMedia2. Computers in Human Behavior.
Shelton, A.K., & Skalski, P. (In Press). Blinded by the light: Illuminating the dark side of social network use through content analysis. Computers in Human Behavior.
Spence, P. R., Lachlan, K. A., Spates, S. A., & Lin, X. (2013) Intercultural differences in responses to health messages on social media from spokespeople with varying levels of ethnic identity. Computers in Human Behavior, 29 (3), 1255-1259.
Spence, P.R., Lachlan, K.A., Shelton, A.K., Lin, X., & Gentile, C. (2013). Exploring the impact of ethnic identity through other-generated cues on perceptions of spokesperson credibility. Computers in Human Behavior. 29 (4), A3-A11.
Quintero Johnson, J., Harrison, K., & Quick, B. (2013). Understanding the effectiveness of the entertainment-education stratgegy: An investigation of how audience involvement, message processing, and message design influence health information recall. Journal of Health Communication, 18 (2), 160-178.
Yilmaz, G., & Pena, J. (In Press). The effects of group membership and interpersonal behaviors on intentions to form subgroups in virtual teams. Communication Research.
Lachlan, K.A., & Shelton, A.K. (2012). Video game violence. In A.K. Goodboy & K. Schultz (Eds.) Introduction to communication studies: Translating communication scholarship into meaningful practice. Kendall/Hunt. (pp.261-267).
McIntyre, J.J., Lachlan, K.A ., & Spence, P.R. (2012). Attending to the future: The role of learning in crisis response. Journal of Emergency Management, 10 (1), 41-52.
Tamborini, R., Eden, A, Bowman, N., Grizzard, M., & Lachlan, K.A. (2012). The influence of morality subcultures on the acceptance and appeal of violence. Journal of Communication, 12 (1), 136-157.
Westerman, D.K., Spence, P.R., & Lachlan, K.A. (2012). Telepresence and exemplification: Does spatial presence impact sleeper effects? Communication Research Reports, 29 (4), 299-309
Lachlan, K.A., & Krcmar, M. (2011). Experiencing telepresence in video games: The role of telepresence tendencies, game experience, sex, and time spent in play. Communication Research Reports, 28 (1), 27-31.
Lachlan, K.A., & Spence, P.R. (2011). Crisis communication and the underserved: The case for partnering with institutions of faith. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 39 (4), 448-451.
McIntyre, J.J., Spence, P.R. & Lachlan, K.A . (2011). Media use and gender differences in negative psychological responses to a university shooting. Journal of School Violence, 10, 299-313.
Quintero Johnson, J., Sionean, C. S., Scott, A. M. (2011). Exploring the presentation of news about the HPV vaccine: A content analysis of a representative sample of U.S. newspaper articles. Health Communication, 26, 491-501.
Shelton, A.K. (2011). Two tickets for paradise: Gaming and tourism. In P. Ordoñez de Pablos, R. Tennyson & J. Zhao (Eds.) Global hospitality and tourism management technologies (pp. 91-101). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
Spence, P.R. & Lachlan, K.A., & Burke, J. (2011). Differences in crisis knowledge across age, race, and socioeconomic status during Hurricane Ike: A field test and extension of the knowledge gap hypothesis. Communication Theory, 21, 261-278.
Zhu, L. (2011). Beyond concept: Conversational English (Vol. 2). Beijing: University Press of People's University.
Burke, J. , Lachlan, K.A., & Spence, P.R. (2010). Crisis preparation, media use, and information seeking: Patterns across Hurricane Ike evacuees and lessons learned for emergency communication. Journal of Emergency Management 8 (5), 27-38.
Burke, J., Lachlan, K.A., & Spence, P.R.. (2010). Revisiting the Gulf Coast: Hurricane Ike and issues of crisis communication. International Journal of the Humanities, 8, 3-16.
Kagan, D., Madhavi, D., Banks, G., & Lachlan, K.A. (2010). “Universal” and “reliable” bioavailability claims: Criteria that may increase physician/consumer confidence in nutritional supplements. Natural Medicine Journal, 2 (1), 1-5.
Lachlan, K.A., & Spence, P.R. (2010). Communicating risks: Examining Hazard and Outrage in multiple contexts. Risk Analysis, 30 (12), 1872-1886.
Lachlan, K.A., Spence, P.R., & Nelson, L. (2010). Sex differences in negative psychological responses to crisis news: The case of the I-35W collapse. Communication Research Reports. 27 (1), 38-48.
Lachlan, K.A., Westerman, D.K., & Spence, P.R. (2010). Disaster news and subsequent information seeking: Exploring the role of spatial presence and perceptual realism. Electronic News, 4 (4), 203-217.
Shelton, A.K. (2010). Defining the lines between virtual and real world purchases: Second Life sells, but who’s buying? Computers in Human Behavior, 26 (6), 1223-1227.
Skalski, P., Denny, J, & Shelton, A.K. (2010). Presence and media effects. In C.C. Bracken & P. Skalski (Eds.) Immersed in media: Telepresence in everyday life (pp. 158-180). New York, NY: Routledge.
Skalski, P., Tamborini, R., Shelton, A.K., Buncher, M., & Lindmark, P. (2010). Mapping the road to fun: Natural video game controllers, presence, and enjoyment. New Media & Society, 13, 224-242.
Southwell, B.G., Gilkerson, N., Depue, J, Shelton, A.K., Friedenberg, L. & Koutstaal W (2010). Aging and the faltering validity of recognition-based exposure measurement. Communication Research, 37 (5), 603-619
Spence, P.R., Lachlan, K.A., Nelson, L., & Shelton, A.K. (2010). Age, gender, and information seeking patterns following an urban bridge collapse. Journal of Emergency Management, 8 (5), 47-54.
Spence, P.R., & Lachlan, K.A. (2010). Disasters, crises, and unique populations: Suggestions for survey research. New Directions for Evaluation, 126, 95-106.
Spence, P.R., & Lachlan, K.A. (2010). Personal coping behaviors after an urban bridge collapse. Traumatology, 16 (1), 7-15.
Krcmar, M., & Lachlan, K.A. (2009). Video game play and aggressive outcomes: The role of length of play and the mechanisms at work. Media Psychology, 12 (3), 249-267.
Lachlan, K.A., & Spence, P.R. (2009). Emergency communication: A framework for planning and targeting messages. Journal of Emergency Management, 7 (4), 69-72.
Lachlan, K.A., Tamborini, R., Weber, R., Westerman, D., Davis, J., & Skalski, P. (2009). The spiral of violence: Violent reprisal in professional wrestling and its dispositional and motivational features. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 53 (1), 56-75.
Lachlan, K.A., Spence, P.R., & Griffin, D. (2009). Risk perceptions, race, and Hurricane Katrina. Howard Journal of Communication, 20 (3). 295-309.
Lachlan, K.A., Spence, P.R., & Seeger, M. (2009). Terrorist attacks and uncertainty reduction: Media use after September 11th. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, 1 (2), 101-110.
Nelson, L., Spence, P.R., & Lachlan, K.A. (2009). Learning from the media in the aftermath of a crisis: Findings from the Minneapolis bridge collapse. Electronic News, 3 (4), 176-192.
Quintero Johnson, J. (2009). Media effects on health. CMN 102 course manual (pp. 147-152). Champaign, IL: Stipes.
Spence, P.R., Lachlan, K.A., & Westerman, D.K. (2009). Presence and crisis news: Exploring the responses of men and women to tragic stories in different media. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 37 (3), 239-256.
Spence, P.R., Lachlan, K.A., & McIntyre, J.J. (2009). Serving the public interest in a crisis: Radio and its unique role. Journal of Radio and Audio Media, 16 (2), 144-159.
Westerman, D.K., Spence, P.R., & Lachlan, K.A. (2009). Presence and the exemplification effects of bad news. Communication Studies , 60 (5), 542-557.
Zhu, L. (2009). The journey of an organizational communication scholar: An interview with Dr. Patrice Buzzanell. China Media Research, 5 (3) 64-68.