UGRD > ENGL > 409
A study of the tradition of realism in American writing, from the age of Whitman to 1925. Primary focus on the post-Civil War period, the Gilded Age, when realistic and naturalistic works replaced the romance as the dominant American mode of literary expression. Whitman, Twain, James, Howells, Crane, Chesnutt, Dreiser, Jewett, Wharton, and others sought to reflect a transformed America, as fact and symbol, in their works. These and other writers helped to confirm and create a new American reality.