Options for the Future
When GRI project looked at the international aspects of state functions, it concentrated its recommendations on ways to expand or improve a number of key areas. These include:
- An expanded global program on specific functional areas (e.g. its proposal for a review of Education for All and to upgrade transportation systems 1 );
- Additional international labour-focused programs (e.g. upgrade of labor and worker security);
- An enhancement of attention on certain categories of illness (e.g. increased resources for preventable diseases);
- A greater effort on water-related resources (e.g. environmental ocean protection and fresh water use 2 ); and
- A renewed attention to agriculture and food issues (e.g. renewed attention to hunger and malnutrition).
GRI’s specific recommendation in this area can be found in the following thematic taskforce reports:
• Education and Children
o Global Agenda Council on Education Systems
o Global Agenda Council on the Welfare of Childre
• Social Security
o Global Agenda Council on Employment & Social Protection
o Young Global Leader Millennium Development Goals Task Force
o Global Agenda Council on the Welfare of Children
o Global Agenda Council on a Healthy Next Generation
o Global Agenda Council on Chronic Diseases & Conditions
o Global Agenda Council on Global on Healthcare Systems & Cooperation
o Global Agenda Council on Population Growth
o Global Agenda Council on Nutrition
o Global Agenda Council on the Skills Gap
• Food and Agriculture
o Global Agenda Council on Food Security
o Global Council on Ocean Governance
o Young Global Leader Restoring Ocean Health Task Force
o Global Agenda Council on Sustainable Consumption
o Global Agenda Council on Water Security
o World Economic Forum on Water Initiative
o Global Agenda Council on the Future of Transportation
o Young Global Leader Transforming Urban Mobility Task Force
o Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies
o Global Agenda Council on the Future of Entertainment
o Global Agenda Council on Marketing and Branding
Environmental governance, health governance, sustainable development governance, and social protection governance are quite active fields. In environmental governance, there are pending debates on the status of the intergovernmental environment body and the division of intergovernmental responsibilities for environmental matters between the General Assembly, ECOSOC, and the UNEP Governing Council.
The health governance arena has a different set of issues. Here the debates focus on the proper roles for the WHO and corporate/foundation funding vehicles (e.g. GAVI Alliance) and on the appropriate way to select priority health issues. In the field of sustainable development governance there are contentious issues about what type of body should integrate the three pillars of sustainable development, how to engage with the BWIs and other funding arms that are independent of the UN to deliver sustainable development, and what role the Second Committee of the General Assembly and the Security Council should have in climate change and sustainable development.
In the technology governance sphere, there are complicated governance issues in ICANN about the appropriate roles for governments, industry, and the public in providing equitable access to technology and in setting technological standards for the internet.
Everyone’s Business could have addressed a wider range of traditional domestic governing functions (e.g. housing, sanitation, health and safety, public health, consumer safety) as well as an expanded list of global public goods (e.g. air, river, and forest conditions). GRI could also have addressed a range of practical governance issues that are derivative from the privatization of the international market, such as the regulation of firms providing public utilities and needs, the consequences of the privatization of natural resources, protections of oceans from ships registered under a flag of convenience, inconsistent labeling of medical and chemical products between national markets, and the international registration and certification of service firms.
The Readers' Guide welcomes commentary – critical or otherwise – of the analysis above as well as the identification of related issues and case studies.