Readers' Guide Comment on “shift in values within societies” and “their objectives”
As a practical matter, Step Five is undermined by these two quite ambiguous concepts.
The phrase, "a shift in values," presumes that there is clarity about which are the ‘new’ values and which are the ‘old’. The text provides none. In other sections of Everybody’s Business, the ‘old’ values are identified as those that are state-centric, but, taken in this context as the next step to a better world, that identification is not particularly insightful.
The report does include a comparatively lengthy explanation of the ‘new’ values: these are the values "grounded in a deeper appreciation of the implications of global interdependence for the achievement of their [societies and professions] objectives." Again, the key phrases in this moral exhortation are quite ambiguous. To what does the phrase "their objectives" refer? Does it refer to the ‘constituency for international cooperation,’ a particular society, a specific profession, and/or some undefined moral community? And what does ‘deeper appreciation’ mean? Does it refer to the results of a particular study, a religious recognition, or an enhanced cultural, esthetic understanding?
Without clear references for these two items, Step Five cannot provide the basis for any practical steps forward.
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