Public Policy Research Seminar Fall 2016 Shunsaku Komatsuzaki
This presentation focuses on the influence of the Fukushima #1 NPS accident in March 2011 on the attitude of citizens in Japan. This presentation initially provides an analytical framework consisting of two steps for synthesizing attitude formation process and examining decisive factors affecting the process, based on three contrasting case studies of radioactive waste repository siting in Japan, South Korea and France. A disaster could be a key to change people’s attitude formation to the “Reasoned Negotiation” step, which usually needs a lot of efforts in building trust and/or setting a national agenda, but its effect may disappear in some years. Japan lost a chance of policy making created by the accident and now must re-build trust and set an agenda in a different way for the management of radioactive wastes both by the past power generation and the accident. The presentation also offers a reference case study in UK to discuss the role of deliberation in the attitude formation by utilizing the framework proposed. The cases demonstrate that deliberation would be a crucial factor influencing the emotional attitude formation by increasing trust but other factors, such as consistent policy or leadership, would be critical to avoid event/action destroying trust.
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