UMass Boston

Publications 2000 to 2010



Ni-Meister,W.,S. Lee, A. H. Strahler, C. E. Woodcock, C. B. Schaaf, T. Yao, K.J. Ranson, G. Sun, and J.B. Blair Assessing general relationships between aboveground biomass and vegetation structure parameters for improved carbon estimate from lidar remote sensing,Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, G00E11, doi:10.1029/2009JG000936, 2010.

Lyapustin, A.,C. K. Gatebe, R. Kahn, R. Brandt,J. Redemann, P. Russell, M. D. King, C. A. Pedersen, S. Gerland, R. Poudyal, A. Marshak, Y. Wang, C. B. Schaaf, D. Hall, and A. Kokhanovsky, Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS Spring-2008 Campaign, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 4359-4375, 2010.

Wang, K., S. Liang, C. B. Schaaf, and A. H. Strahler Evaluation of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer land surface visible and shortwave albedo products at FLUXNET sites, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D17107, doi:10.1029/2009JD013101, 2010.

Wang, Y.,A. Lyapustin, J. L. Privette, R. B. Cook, S.K. SanthanaVannan, E. F. Vermote, C.B. Schaaf,Assessment of biases in MODIS surface reflectance due to Lambertian approximation, Remote Sensing of Environment, 114,2791-2801, 2010.

Román, M. O., C. B. Schaaf, P. Lewis, F. Gao, G. P. Anderson, J. L. Privette, A. H. Strahler, C. E. Woodcock, M. Barnsley, Assessing the coupling between surface albedo derived from MODIS and the fraction of diffuse skylight over spatially-characterized landscapes, Remote Sensing of Environment, 114, 738-760, 2010.

Ju, J.,D. Roy, Y. Shuai, C. Schaaf, Development of an approach for generation of temporally complete daily nadir MODIS reflectance time series,Remote Sensing of Environment, 114, 1-20, 2010.

Gong, P., Niu, Z., Cheng, X., Zhao, K., Zhou, D., Guo, J., Liang, L., Wang, X., Li, D., Huang, H., Wang, Y., Wang, K., Li, W., Wang, X., Ying, Q., Yang, Z., Ye, Y., Li, Z., Zhuang, D., Chi, Y., Zhou, H., & Yan, J. (2010). China’s Wetland Change (1990–2000) Determined by Remote Sensing. Science China Earth Sciences, 53(7), 1036–1042.




Hall, D. K., S. V. Nghiem, C. B. Schaaf, N. E. DiGirolamo, and G. Neumann, Evaluation of surface and nearsurface melt characteristics on the Greenland ice sheet using MODIS and QuikSCAT data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, F04006, doi:10.1029/2009JF001287, 2009.

Schaaf, C.B., J. Cihlar, A. Belward, E. Dutton, and M. Verstraete, Albedo and Reflectance Anisotropy, ECV-T8: GTOS Assessment of the status of the development of standards for the Terrestrial Essential Climate Variables, ed., R. Sessa, FAO, Rome, May 2009.

Román, M. O., C. B. Schaaf, C. E. Woodcock, A. H. Strahler, X. Yang, R.H. Braswell, P. Curtis, K.J. Davis, D. Dragoni, M. L. Goulden, L. Gu, D. Y. Hollinger, T. E. Kolb, T.P. Meyer, J. W. Munger, J.L. Privette, A.D. Richardson, T.B. Wilson, S. C. Wofsy, The MODIS (Collection V005) BRDF/albedo product: Assessment of spatial representativeness over forested landscapes, Remote Sensing of Environment, 113, 2476-2498, 2009.

Rutan, D., F. Rose, M. Román, N. Manalo-Smith, C. Schaaf, and T. Charlock, Development and assessment of broadband surface albedo from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Clouds and Radiation Swath data product, J. Geophys. Res.,114, D08125, doi:10.1029/2008JD010669, 2009.

Zhang, X., M. Friedl and C. B. Schaaf, Sensitivity of vegetation phenology detection to the temporal resolution of satellite data,International Journal of Remote Sensing,30:8,2061-2074, 2009.

Liu, J., C. Schaaf, A. Strahler, Z. Jiao, Y. Shuai, Q. Zhang, M. Roman, J. A. Augustine, and E. G. Dutton, Validation of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedo retrieval algorithm: Dependence of albedo on solar zenith angle, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D01106, doi:10.1029/2008JD009969, 2009.




Moody, E. G., M. D. King, C. B. Schaaf, and S. Platnick, MODIS-Derived Spatially Complete Surface Albedo Products: Spatial and Temporal Pixel Distribution and Zonal Averages, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47,2879-2894, 2008.

Strahler, A. H., D. L.B. Jupp, C. E. Woodcock, C. B. Schaaf,etc., Retrieval of forest structural parameters using a ground-based lidar instrument (Echidna), Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 34,Suppl.2,S426-S440, 2008.

Ni-Meister, W., A. H. Strahler, C. E. Woodcock, C. B. Schaaf, D. L. B. Jupp,etc., Modeling the hemispherical scanning, below-canopy lidar and vegetation structure characteristics with a geometric-optical and radiative-transfer model, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 34,Suppl.2,S385-S397, 2008.

Dickinson, R. E., L. Zhou, Y. Tian, Q. Liu, T. Lavergne, B. Pinty, C. B. Schaaf, and Y. Knyazikhin, A three-dimensional analytic model for the scattering of a spherical bush, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20113, doi:10.1029/2007JD009564, 2008.

Hill,M.J., C. Averill, Z. Jiao, C. B. Schaaf, and J. D. Armston, Relationship of MISR RPV parameters and MODIS BRDF shape indicators to surface vegetation patterns in an Australian tropical savanna, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 34, Suppl.2, S247-S267, 2008.

Knobelspiesse, K. D., B. Cairns, B. Schmid, M. O. Román, and C. B. Schaaf, Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20105, doi:10.1029/2008JD010062, 2008.

Coddington, O., K. S. Schmidt, P. Pilewskie, W. J. Gore, R. W. Bergstrom, M. Román, J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, J. Liu, and C. C. Schaaf, Aircraft measurements of spectral surface albedo and its consistency with ground-based and space-borne observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D17209, doi:10.1029/2008JD010089, 2008.

Stone, R. S., G. P. Anderson, E. P. Shettle, E. Andrews, K. Loukachine, E. G. Dutton, C. Schaaf, and M. O. Román III, Radiative impact of boreal smoke in the Arctic: Observed and modeled, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 113, D14S16, doi:10.1029/2007JD009657, 2008.

Schaaf, C. L., J. Martonchik, B. Pinty, Y. Govaerts, F. Gao, A. Lattanzio, J. Liu, A. H. Strahler, and M. Taberner, Retrieval of Surface Albedo from Satellite Sensors,in Advances in Land Remote Sensing: System, Modeling, Inversion and Application, S. Liang, Ed., Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-6449-4, page 219-243, 2008.

Roy, D.P., Ju, J., Lewis, P., Schaaf, C., Gao, F.,Hansen, M., Lindquist, E.,, Multi-temporal MODIS-Landsat data fusion for relative radiometric normalization, gap filling, and prediction of Landsat data, Remote Sensing of Environment,112:3112-3130, 2008.

Schaaf, C., Albedo and Reflectance Anisotropy, Terrestrial Essential Climate Variables for Climate Change Assessment, Mitigation and Adaptation., GTOS-52, Eds. R. Sessa and H. Dolman, FAO, Rome, 28-29, January 2008.

Liu,J., R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis, T. H. Painter, C. McKenzie, Modeling the View Angle Dependence of Gap Fractions in Forest Canopies: Implications for Mapping Fractional Snow Cover Using Optical Remote Sensing, Journal of Hydrometeorology, doi: 10.1175/2008JHM866.1, 2008.

Shuai,Y., C. B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, J. Liu, Z. Jiao, Quality assessment of BRDF/albedo retrievals in MODIS operational system, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L05407, doi:10.1029/2007GL032568, 2008.

David L.B. Jupp, D.S. Culvenor, J.L. Lovell, G.J. Newnham, A.H. Strahler, and C.E. Woodcock, Estimating forest LAI profiles and structural parameters using a ground-based laser called Echidna,Tree Physiology ,doi:10.1093/treephys/tpn022, 2008.




Fang,H., S. Liang,H. Kim, J. R. Townshend,C. B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, and R. E. Dickinson Developing a spatially continuous 1 km surface albedo data set over North America from Terra MODIS productsJournal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, D20206, 2007.

Moody, E. G., M. D. King, C. B. Schaaf, D. K. Hall Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land productsRemote Sensing of Environment 111 (2007) 337-345

Schaaf, C. B., The Sunlit Earth. In Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 129-135, 2007.




Zhang,X., M. A. Friedl, C. B. Schaaf, Global vegetation phenology from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): Evaluation of global patterns and comparison with in situ measurements ,J. Geophys. Res., 111, G04017,doi:10.1029/2006JG000217,2006

Salomon, J., C. B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, F. Gao, Y. Jin, Validation of the MODIS Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function and Albedo Retrievals Using Combined Observations from the Aqua and Terra Platforms, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. Vol. 44, No. 6, June 2006.

D. P. Roy, P. Lewis, C. B. Schaaf, S. Devadiga, and L. Boschetti, The Global Impact of Clouds on the Production of MODIS Bidirectional Reflectance Model-Based Composites for Terrestrial Monitoring, IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006.

Tsvetsinskaya,E.A., C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. H. Strahler, and R. E. Dickinson, Spatial and temporal variability in Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer¨C derived surface albedo over global arid regions, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D20106, doi:10.1029/2005JD006772, 2006.




Baret, F., C. Schaaf, J. Morisette, J. Privette, Report on the Second International Workshop on Albedo Product Validation, Earth Observer, May/June, 2005.

Diner, D. J., B. H. Braswell, R. Davies, N. Gobron, J. Hu, Y. Jin, R. A. Kahn, Y. Knyazikhin, N. Loeb, J.-P. Muller, A. W. Nolin, B. Pinty, C. Schaaf, G. Seizi and J. Stroeve, The value of multiangle measurements for retrieving structurally and radiatively consistent properties of clouds, aerosols, and surfaces, Remote Sens. Environ., 97(4), 495-518, 2005.

Gao, F., C. Schaaf, A. Strahler, A. Roesch, W. Lucht, and R. Dickinson, The MODIS BRDF/Albedo Climate Modeling Grid Products and the Variability of Albedo for Major Global Vegetation Types, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D01104, doi:10.1029/2004JD00519, 2005.

Liang X.-Z., M. Xu, W. Gao, K. Kunkel, J. Slusser, Y. Dai, Q. Min, P. R. Houser, M. Rodell, C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, Development of land surface albedo parameterization based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D11107, doi:10.1029/2004JD005579. 2005.

Moody, E. G., M. D. King, S. Platnick, C. B. Schaaf, and F. Gao, Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-added datasets derived from Terra MODIS land products, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43, 144-158, 2005.

Myhre, G., Kvalevag, M.M. and Schaaf, C.B., Radiative forcing due to anthropogenic vegetation change based on MODIS surface albedo data set, Geophys. Res. Let. 32:L21410, doi:10.1029/2005GL024004 2005.

Stroeve, J., J. Box, F. Gao, S. Liang, A. Nolin, C. Schaaf, Accuracy Assessment of the MODIS 16-day Albedo Product for Snow: Comparisons with Greenland in situ Measurements, Remote Sens. Environ., 94, 46-60, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2004.09.001, 2005.

Wang Z., M. Barlage, X. Zeng, R. E. Dickinson, C. B. Schaaf, The solar zenith angle dependence of desert albedo, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L05403, doi:10.1029/2004GL021835. 2005.

Zhang X., M. A. Friedl, C. B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, Z. Liu, Monitoring the response of vegetation phenology to precipitation in Africa by coupling MODIS and TRMM instruments, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D12103, doi:10.1029/2004JD005263. 2005.




Liu,J., R. A. Melloh, C. E. Woodcock, R. E. Davis and E. S. Ochs, The effect of viewing geometry and topography on viewable gap fractions through forest canopies, Hydrological Processes, 18, 3595-3607,2004.

Roesch, A., C. Schaaf and F. Gao, Use of Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer bidirectional reflectance distribution function products to enhance simulated surface albedos, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D12, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004552, 2004.

Roujean, J.-L., C. B. Schaaf, and W. Lucht, Fundamentals of bi-directional reflectance and BRDF modeling, in: Reflective Properties of Vegetation and Soil, editors: M. von Schoenmark, B. Geiger, H.P. Roeser, Wissenshaft und Technik Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 352pp., 105-120, 2004.

Tian, Y., R. E. Dickinson, L. Zhou, R. B. Myneni, M. Friedl, C. B. Schaaf, M. Carroll, and F. Gao, Land boundary conditions from MODIS data and consequences for the albedo of a climate model, Geophys. Res. Let., 31, doi:10.1029/2003GL019104, 2004.

Wang, Z., X. Zeng, M. Barlage, R. E. Dickinson, F. Gao, and C. Schaaf, Using MODIS BRDF and Albedo Data to Evaluate Global Model Land Surface Albedo, J. Hydrometeor., 5, 3-14, 2004.

Zhang, X., M. Friedl, C.B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, Climate controls on vegetation phenological patterns in northern mid- and high latitudes inferred from MODIS data, Global Change Biology, 10, 1133-1145, 2004.

Zhang, X., M. Friedl, C.B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, A. Schneider, The footprint of urban climates on vegetation phenology, Geophys. Res. Let., 31, L12209, doi:10.1029/2004GL020137, 2004.




Gao, F., C. B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, Y. Jin, and X. Li, Detecting vegetation structure using a kernel-based BRDF model, Remote Sens. Environ., 86(2), 198-205, 2003.

Jin, Y., C. B. Schaaf, C. E. Woodcock, F. Gao, X. Li, A. H. Strahler, W. Lucht, S. Liang, Consistency of MODIS surface BRDF/Albedo retrievals: 1. Algorithm performance, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D5), 4158, doi:10.1029/2002JD002803, 2003.

Jin, Y., C. B. Schaaf, C. E. Woodcock, F. Gao, X. Li, A. H. Strahler, W. Lucht, S. Liang, Consistency of MODIS surface BRDF/Albedo retrievals: 2. Validation, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D5), 4159, doi:10.1029/2002JD002804, 2003.

Oleson, K. W., G. B. Bonan, C. Schaaf, F. Gao, Y. Jin, and A. Strahler, Assessment of global climate model land surface albedo using MODIS data, Geophys. Res. Letters, 30(8), 1443, doi:10.1029/2002GL016749, 2003.


Zhang, X., M.A. Friedl, C.B. Schaaf, A. H. Strahler, J.C.F. Hodges, F. Gao, B. C. Reed, and A. Huete, Monitoring vegetation phenology using MODIS, Remote Sens. Environ., 84, 471-475. 2003.

Zhou, L., R.E. Dickinson, K. Ogawa, Y. Tian, M. Jin, T. Schmugge and E. Tsvetsinskaya, Relations between albedos and emissivities from MODIS and ASTER data over North African Desert, Geophys. Res. Letters, 30(20), 2026, doi:10.1029/2003GL018069, 2003.

Zhou, L., R. E. Dickinson, Y. Tian, X. Zeng, Y. Dai, Z.-L. Yang, C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, Y. Jin, A. Strahler, R. B. Myneni, H. Yu, W. Wu, and M. Shaikh, Comparison of seasonal and spatial variations of albedos from Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Common Land Model, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D15, 4488, doi:10.1029/2002JD003326, 2003.



Friedl, M. A., D. K. McIver, J. C.F. Hodges, X. Y. Zhang, D. Muchoney, A. H. Strahler, C. E. Woodcock, et al. 2002. Global Land Cover Mapping from MODIS: Algorithms and Early Results. Remote Sensing of Environment 83 (1–2): 287–302.

Gao, Feng, Yufang Jin, Xiaowen Li, Crystal B. Schaaf, and Alan H. Strahler. 2002. Bidirectional NDVI and Atmospherically Resistant BRDF Inversion for Vegetation Canopy. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 40 (6): 1269–78.

Jin, Yufang, Feng Gao, Crystal B. Schaaf, Xiaowen Li, Alan H. Strahler, Carol J. Bruegge, and John V. Martonchik. 2002. Improving MODIS Surface BRDF/Albedo Retrieval with MISR Multiangle Observations. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 40 (7): 1593–1604.

Jin, Yufang, Crystal B. Schaaf, Feng Gao, Xiaowen Li, Alan H. Strahler, Xubin Zeng, and Robert E. Dickinson. 2002. How Does Snow Impact the Albedo of Vegetated Land Surfaces as Analyzed with MODIS Data? Geophysical Research Letters 29 (10): 12-1-12–14.

Liang, Shunlin, Hongliang Fang, Mingzhen Chen, Chad J. Shuey, Charlie Walthall, Craig Daughtry, Jeff Morisette, Crystal Schaaf, and Alan Strahler. 2002. Validating MODIS Land Surface Reflectance and Albedo Products: Methods and Preliminary Results. Remote Sensing of Environment 83 (1–2): 149–62.

Schaaf, Crystal B, Feng Gao, Alan H. Strahler, Wolfgang Lucht, Xiaowen Li, Trevor Tsang, Nicholas C. Strugnell, et al. 2002. First Operational BRDF, Albedo Nadir Reflectance Products from MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment 83 (1–2): 135–48.

Tsvetsinskaya, Elena A., C. B. Schaaf, F. Gao, A. H. Strahler, R. E. Dickinson, X. Zeng, and W. Lucht. 2002. Relating MODIS-Derived Surface Albedo to Soils and Rock Types over Northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Geophysical Research Letters 29 (9): 67-1-67–4.

Tsvetsinskaya, Elena A., Bella I. Vainberg, and Elena V. Glushko. 2002. An Integrated Assessment of Landscape Evolution, Long-Term Climate Variability, and Land Use in the Amudarya Prisarykamysh Delta. Journal of Arid Environments 51 (3): 363–81.


Feng Gao, Xiaowen Li, Alan Strahler & Crystal Schaaf (2000) Evaluation of the Li transit kernel for BRDF modeling, Remote Sensing Reviews, 19 (1-4): 205-224, DOI: 10.1080/02757250009532419

W. Lucht & J.‐L. Roujean (2000) Considerations in the parametric modeling of BRDF and albedo from multiangular satellite sensor observations, Remote Sensing Reviews, 18 (2-4), 343-379, DOI: 10.1080/02757250009532395